Baker Hughes Case Studies
Problem: Baker Hughes contracted Carlos Gutierrez, P.E., with CSF Engineering to
design a foundation for a “roll machine.” The roll machine,
used to test oil field equipment, is the first of its kind in North America.
The only other one in the world is in Saudi Arabia. Having the machine
foundation placed in a fat clay soil and the dynamic loads of the machine
generating up to 500 kips of lateral force caused concern about vibrations
in the foundation. Due to the calibration requirements of the machine,
any vibrations of the machine’s foundation would prove detrimental
to its precision.
Proposed Solution: One of the top priorities of an engineer is to provide the most economical
design to their client that will meet their needs and specifications.
Mr. Gutierrez performed an extensive finite element analysis based on
the machine manufacturer’s load specifications. From this analysis,
he was able to determine the exact load requirements of the foundation
in compression, tension, and shear. Mr. Gutierrez contacted Ram Jack’s
engineering department to design a deep foundation system using helical
piles to isolate the foundation from the fat clay soil the foundation
was going to be placed in. With the accurate load information and soils
report in-hand, Ram Jack began working on a deep foundation solution.
Due to the size of the machine, the foundation was to be 64 ft. long by
8 ft. 6 in. wide by 6 ft. deep. With the high dynamic lateral loads, fifty
(50) 3 1⁄2 in. diameter helical piles were installed at a 35 degree
batter. These piles had a triple 8”/10”/10” helix configuration
and were installed with 12,700 ft-lbs of torque to an average depth of
30 ft. The vertical loads (compression and uplift) were resisted with
twenty-five (25) 2 7⁄8 in. diameter helical piles which also had
a triple 8”/10”/10” helix configuration and were installed
with 5,200 ft-lbs of torque to an average depth of 15 ft.
Outcome: When the roll machine began operations, the machine manufacturer’s
engineers were on-site to measure the vibration levels in the foundation.
The engineers were somewhat surprised when no measurable vibration could
be detected. They stated that they had never witnessed a machine foundation
that was so structurally sound which consisted of so little concrete.
Many engineers see the slender shafts of helical piles and believe they
have little lateral capacity. However, with Ram Jack’s rigid threaded
connections and ability to install helical piles at virtually any angle,
simple trigonometry can be utilized to maximize the lateral capacity of
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